1868: Adelbert Ames appointed provisional governor

Governor Adelbert Ames (MDAH Collection)
Governor Adelbert Ames

Ames was Mississippi’s 27th governor and served from 1868-1870.

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1868: The “Black and Tan” Convention drafts a new constitution

Mississippi’s first biracial constitutional convention—the “Black and Tan” Convention—drafted a constitution protecting the rights of freedmen (ex-slaves) and punishing ex-Confederates. It was rejected by the voters.

1868: Ulysses S. Grant elected president of the United States

1868: Colored Citizen’s Monthly established in Jackson

The publication was established by James D. Lynch, a prominent African American who went on to serve as Secretary of State of Mississippi from 1869 to 1872.

1868: Mississippi Constitution of 1868

A convention with black participation drew up the constitution of 1868. The constitution was ratified in 1869 and established a statewide public school system, set the educable age of children as 5 to 21, and protected the voting and civil rights of former slaves.

July 9, 1868: Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified

The amendment formally defined American citizenship and prohibited states from depriving people of the rights of citizenship.

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