1865: Jefferson Davis captured at Irwinsville, Georgia

1865: William L. Sharkey becomes Mississippi’s twenty-fifth governor

Governor William L. Sharkey (MDAH Collection)
Governor William L. Sharkey

President Andrew Johnson appointed Sharkey provisional governor from June to December 1865.

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1865: Constitutional Convention abolishes slavery, repudiates secession, but denies civil rights to African Americans

1865: Benjamin G. Humphreys becomes Mississippi’s twenty-sixth governor

Governor Benjamin G. Humphreys (MDAH Collection)
Governor Benjamin G. Humphreys

Humphreys served from 1865 to 1868.

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1865: Mississippi Legislature passes Black Code

The Black Code was the forerunner to the more formal Jim Crow “separate but equal” laws of the 20th century.  Enacted following the Civil War, the laws varied from place to place and included such restrictions as curfews, poll taxes, and papers that certified employment.

1865: 13th Amendment abolishes slavery

Mississippi refused to ratify the amendment.

March 3, 1865: Freedmen’s Bureau created

The bureau provided assistance and aid for the transition from a life of enslavement to one of self-determination.

April 9, 1865: General Robert E. Lee surrenders to General Ulysses S. Grant

General Robert E. Lee (MDAH Collection)
General Robert E. Lee

Lee’s meeting with Grant in Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, signaled the end of the Civil War.

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April 14, 1865: Abraham Lincoln assassinated by John Wilkes Booth

Scene at Warren County Courthouse when they received the news of Lincoln's assasination
Scene at Warren County Courthouse when they received the news of Lincoln's assasination

Andrew Johnson was sworn in as president of the United States on April 15.

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April 26, 1865: Confederate forces begin surrendering

Crutch of a returning soldier (Museum of Mississippi History Collection)
Crutch of a returning soldier

General Joseph E. Johnston surrendered the Army of Tennessee to General William T. Sherman at Durham Station, North Carolina. Shortly thereafter, Lieutenant General Richard Taylor surrendered all forces in the Confederate Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana.

Image:  This crutch belonged to Joseph Weatherly of Attala County who was wounded at the Battle of Fredericksburg in 1862. Many returning veterans were amputees.

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