March 1814: Congress compensates Yazoo land fraud victims

In the late eighteenth century, corrupt Georgia officials had issued fraudulent land contracts. Congress set aside $5 million from public land sales to compensate claimants.

March 27, 1814: Andrew Jackson’s army defeats Red Sticks at Horseshoe Bend

This battle killed more Native Americans than any other in American history and ended the Creek War.

August 14, 1814: Creeks cede 23 million acres in the Treaty of Fort Jackson

The United States gained land, including three-fifths of the future state of Alabama and one-fifth of Georgia. Thousands of immigrants poured into the region, leading to the eventual formation of the states of Mississippi (1817) and Alabama (1819).

December 24, 1814: Treaty of Ghent signed to end War of 1812

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