1813: Andrew Marschalk launches Washington Republican

Washington Republican, April 13, 1813 (MDAH Collection)
Washington Republican, April 13, 1813

Editor Marschalk used the paper to attack his bitter rival George Poindexter.

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January 1813: Andrew Jackson arrives in Natchez to defend the Gulf Coast

General Andrew Jackson (MDAH Collection)
General Andrew Jackson

Before the fighting began, the Tennesseans were dismissed. Jackson led the men back to Nashville on a grueling march up the Natchez Trace, earning the nickname “Old Hickory” for his toughness.

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April 1813: United States forces capture Mobile from the Spanish

War of 1812 Infantry Button
War of 1812 Infantry Button

The European power no longer controlled any part of the Mississippi Territory.

Image:  United States Infantryman’s button found near Fort Charlotte in Mobile, Alabama.

July 27, 1813: Creek War begins

Map of Burnt Corn Creek Battlefield (MDAH Collection)
Map of Burnt Corn Creek Battlefield

War began with the battle of Burnt Corn Creek, northeast of Mobile.

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August 30, 1813: Red Sticks win Battle of Fort Mims

Drawing of Fort Mims (MDAH Collection)
Drawing of Fort Mims

At the battle of Fort Mims on August 30, 1813, the hostile Creeks killed not only soldiers but women and children. News of this disaster shocked the nation and galvanized Americans into action to put down the Red Stick rebellion.

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November 12, 1813: Frontiersmen kill eleven Red Stick Indians in famous “Canoe Fight”

"The Canoe Fight" (MDAH Collection)
"The Canoe Fight"

Frontiersman Sam Dale led the battle on the Alabama River.

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December 1813: “Holy Ground” on the Alabama River captured from Red Stick Creeks

Red Eagle's Leap (MDAH Collection)
Red Eagle's Leap

A Mississippi Territorial force led by Ferdinand Claiborne defeated Red Sticks led by William Weatherford, also known as Red Eagle, who escaped capture by leading his horse off a  fifteen-foot bluff into the Alabama River.

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