August 7, 1942: U.S. forces land on Guadalcanal in Solomon Islands

This operation marked the beginning of the U.S. island-hopping strategy for defeating the Japanese.

Image: Imperial Japanese Army officer’s sword (shin-gunto).  Japanese officers often wielded swords such as this when leading bayonet attacks known as “banzai charges.”  These swords were highly prized souvenirs for American servicemen.

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