January, 1870: Force Acts of 1870 used to enforce civil rights provisions of the Constitution

Due to escalating intimidation tactics by the Ku Klux Klan and other groups, Congress passed a series of four acts from 1870 to 1875 to protect the civil rights guaranteed by the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, penalizing any interference with the registration, voting, officeholding, or jury service of African Americans.

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