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First temple built by the Beth Israel Congregation of Jackson

Completed in 1868 the wood frame structure was built on the corner of State and South Streets. The temple was used as both a school and house of worship. The building burned in 1874 and was rebuilt. In the early 1940s a the congregation relocated to a new synagogue built on Woodrow Wilson Avenue. Beth Israel moved to its present location on Old Canton Road in 1967.

“Candlestick Park” tornado strikes central Mississippi killing over 50 people

Named after the Candlestick Park Shopping Center in southwest Jackson, the tornado left a path of destruction as it traveled through Hinds, Rankin, Scott, Leake, Neshoba, Kemper, and Noxubee counties.

Slave traders Isaac Franklin of Tennessee and John Armfield of Virginia rent property for a slave market at Forks of the Road, located just outside Natchez

More than 1,000 enslaved people were sent annually from Alexandria to their Natchez and New Orleans markets to meet the demand in Mississippi and surrounding states.  Slave trading continued until 1863 when Natchez was occupied by Union troops.

Today, the historic intersection, with its familiar “Y” configuration, remains to mark the location of the once-flourishing slave markets at the Forks of the Road.

The La Salle expedition encounters Natchez Indians for first time

The Natchez Indians inhabited what is now southwest Mississippi ca. AD 700-1730. Between 1682 and 1729 the Grand Village was their main ceremonial center. Following La Salle’s meeting of the Natchez Indians, French and English explorers, priests, and military personnel made frequent visits to the Natchez area.

Greenville Garden Club leads effort to purchase Winterville Mounds site for Greenville

The mounds, originally numbering as many as 23, were occupied by a prehistoric Native American people between 800 and 1600 AD. The Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks operated Winterville as a state park from 1960 until 2000 when the park was given to the Mississippi Department of Archives and History.

Ordinance of secession signed

Attala County delegate John Wood and Rankin County delegate John Jones Thornton refused to sign the ordinance of secession.  Thornton was commander of the Rankin Guards at the time of secession and went on to command the Sixth Mississippi Regiment for the Confederacy until he was wounded at the Battle of Shiloh.

Natchez Garden Club holds first Natchez Pilgrimage

More images available online in the Howard Pritchartt Jr. Lantern Slide collection.

600 African Americans gather in Jackson and call for meeting with Mayor Allen Thompson

The citizens’ demands included hiring African American police officers and school crossing guards, voluntary desegregation of public schools, removal of segregation signs in public facilities, and other steps toward desegregation in Jackson.

Decorated pottery designs include cord-marking , fabric-marking, stamping, and incised, or punctuated, lines

Cord and fabric designs were created by paddling the wet clay surface of the vessel with a paddle or stick wrapped in cord or fabric. Stamping was achieved by carving a design directly onto a wooden paddle and then paddling the wet clay surface of the vessel. Incised lines were achieved by using a sharply pointed instrument to make various designs in the wet clay of the vessel.

Monumental earthworks constructed

Many of them represented geometric shapes and animal effigies, while others served as enclosures. The Jackson Landing site in Hancock County contains an earthwork that was possibly used as an enclosure.